Lenin was a much more popular figure internationally than his successors to the leadership of the USSR. Statues, busts and monuments can be seen even today dotted across both current and former Communist countries. The Colina Lenin (Lenin Hill) is one such example.
Colina Lenin is the First Monument to Lenin Outside of the USSR
In the Cuban barrio of Regla, one of the twenty municipalities of Havana, lies the Colina Lenin. A monument to the communist revolutionary Vladamir Lenin. The area gained it’s significance on January 27, 1924, the day of Lenin’s funeral in Moscow, Thousands of local Cuban people gathered on the hill, formerly called Loma del Fortin, on the outskirts of town to pay tribute to the former soviet leader.
The events on the hill inspired the socialist mayor of Regla, Antonio Bosch, to rename the hill Colina Lenin and he decided to plant an olive tree to commemorate the leader. The monument was the first built to honour Lenin outside of the USSR.
Demonstrations and Dictatorships
Over the following years, the Colina Lenin was the stage for numerous demonstrations against some of the oppressive Cuban governments and dictatorships.
The site was attacked many times but there was particularly violent day in 1930 during a demonstration, protesters were attacked by soldiers of President Gerardo Machado and the olive tree was cut down. Nonetheless it wasn’t long before a new olive tree was planted.
What the World Needs now is Another Bronze Sculpture of Vladamir Lenin
Sixty years on from the death of Lenin in 1984 a bronze sculpture of Lenin’s face by the Cuban artist Thelma Marin was added to the site and can still be seen there today. Surrounding the bronze sculpture are twelve white human figures.
They are meant to symbolise the solidarity of the October Revolution in Russia. Today the site is a national monument of the Republic of Cuba and there is also a museum detailing much of the history of the area and showcasing a number of interesting photos.